Edgar A. Bering, III

Edgar A. Bering, III
Contact Information
Organization:Physics and ECE
Phone Number: 713-743-3543
Email Address:
Bio

Name: Edgar Andrew Bering, III, Ph.D.
Years of Experience: 47
Position: Professor of Physics and Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Houston
Education: Bachelor of Arts cum laude, Physics, Harvard College, 1967
Doctor of Philosophy, Physics, University of California, Berkeley, 1974
Experience: Dr. Bering joined University of Houston, in 1974, became an Assistant Professor in 1975, became a full professor in 1989 and received his present dual appointment in 1998. He has published 100 Refereed papers, 70 Technical Reports, 83 Invited Talks, and 340 other Abstracts. In 2000, he was a member of the VASIMR team that won the Rotary National Award for Space Achievement, Stellar Award, Team Category. In 2004, he received the AIAA Best Paper of the Year award in Plasmadynamics and Lasers. He has been involved in Education and Public Outreach since 1990. In 2005, he received a Special Service Award from AIAA for his work on the Mars Rover Model Competition outreach program.
Research Interests: Dr. Bering has participated in experiments to measure electron bremsstrahlung beneath auroras, electron bremsstrahlung accompanying both natural and triggered VLF events, auroral zone electric fields, plasmapause electric fields, electric fields at high altitude owing to thunderstorms, and the electromagnetic radiation spectrum of lightning at high altitude, VLF magnetic fields accompanying active experiments in the ionosphere, dc plasma properties in the ionosphere near pulsating aurora, electric fields near the magnetospheric cusp and atmospheric electric parameters at the South Pole. Dr. Bering is presently involved in the development of the Variable Specific Impulse Magnetoplasma Rocket (VASIMR) at the Ad Astra Rocket Company. He is also working on the analysis and interpretation of the data from his recent Antarctic balloon campaigns, emphasizing studies of the role of ULF waves in the transport, energization and precipitation of radiation belt particles.

Professional Information
Primary Forum:Planetary Science
Audiences I Serve:
My SMD Projects:

The Mars Rover Model Celebration: Enhancing Formal and Informal STEM Education in Grades 3-8 and Improving Teacher Training Using the Excitement of NASA's Latest Mars Missions. The proposed project aims to incorporate up-to-date SMD education resources and science and mission data relating to NASA’s explorations of Mars into the Mars Rover Celebration (MRC), an existing low-cost curriculum enhancement program for grades 3-8. The MRC prototype focuses on the adventure of learning and discovery, asking participating teams to propose their own scientific mission
to Mars, design a rover to carry it out, and present a mock-up at an open house. The overarching goal of this program is to leverage the strong hold on children's imagination and intellectual curiosity that NASA missions in general and Mars landers in particular have possessed for decades to inspire and educate on STEM career choices.

Science Meetings and Conferences I Usually Attend Annually:
My Professional Societies:

AGU
AIAA
APS
USNC URSI
New York Academy of Science
Sigma Xi

My Publications (journals, blogs, products):

1. Split Langmuir probe measurements of current density and electric field in an aurora, E. A. Bering, M.C. Kelley and F.S. Mozer, J. Geophys. Res., 78, 2201-2213 (1973).

2. Theory and operation of the split Langmuir probe, E.A. Bering, M.C. Kelley, F.S. Mozer and U.V. Fahleson, Planet. Space Sci., 21, 1983-2001 (1973).

3. Properties of the wake of small Langmuir probes and sounding rockets, E.A. Bering, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 37, 119-129 (1975).

4. A measurement of perpendicular current density in an aurora, E.A. Bering, and F.S. Mozer, J. Geophys. Res., 80, 3861-3872 (1975).

5. Observations of an intense thermal ion Birkeland current and associated intense narrow band electric field oscillations, E.A. Bering, M.C. Kelley, and F.S. Mozer, J. Geophys. Res., 80, 4612-4620 (1975).

6. Evidence that the electrostatic ion cyclotron instability is saturated by ion heating," M.C. Kelley, E.A. Bering, and F.S. Mozer, Phys. Fluids, 18, 1590-1597 (1975).

7. Investigation of the electric field below 80 km from a parachute deployed payload, E.A. Bering, J.R. Benbrook, and W.R. Sheldon, J. Geophys. Res., 82, 1925-1932 (1977).

8. Correlative effects of VLF chorus activity and electron precipitation near the plasmapause, H. Leverenz, J.L. Roeder, W.R. Sheldon, J.R. Benbrook, E.A. Bering, and J. Lavergnat, J. Geomag. Geoelec., 30, 357-358 (1978).

9. Some aspects of the interrelationship of magnetospheric substorm-associated particle precipitation and thunderstorm electric fields, E.A. Bering, T.J. Rosenberg, D. Detrick, J.R. Benbrook, D.L. Matthews and W.R. Sheldon, J. Geomag. Geoelec., 30, 359-360 (1978).

10. On the relationship of ~3 mHz (Pc5) electric, magnetic, and particle variations, C. G. Maclennan, L.J. Lanzerotti, A. Hasegawa, E.A. Bering, J.R. Benbrook, W.R. Sheldon, T.J. Rosenberg and D.L. Matthews, Geophysical Research Letters, 5, 403-406 (1978).

11. Longitudinal variation in the high-altitude X-ray flux during quiet geomagnetic conditions, W.R. Sheldon, J.R. Benbrook, E.A. Bering, H. Leverenz and J.L. Roeder, Space Research, XIX, 347-350 (1979).

12. Artificial stimulation of auroral electron acceleration by intense field aligned currents, G. Holmgren, R. Boström, M.C. Kelley, P.M. Kintner, R. Lundin, U.V. Fahleson, E.A. Bering, and W.R. Sheldon, Geophysical Research Letters, 6, 789-792 (1979).

13. Electric fields, electron precipitation, and VLF radiation during a simultaneous magnetospheric substorm and atmospheric thunderstorm, E.A.Bering, T.J. Rosenberg, J.R. Benbrook, D. Detrick, D.L. Matthews, M.J. Rycroft, M.A. Saunders and W.R. Sheldon, J. Geophys. Res., 85, 55-72 (1980).

14. Problems with mesospheric electric field measurements, E.A. Bering, J.R. Benbrook and W.R. Sheldon, Nature, 283, 695 (1980).

15. Trigger, an active release experiment that stimulated auroral particle precipitation and wave emissions, G. Holmgren, R. Boström, M.C. Kelley, P.M. Kintner, R. Lundin, U.V. Fahleson and W.R. Sheldon, J. Geophys. Res., 85, 5043-5053 (1980).

16. The results from the X-ray bremsstrahlung experiment of project Trigger, E.A. Bering, J.R. Benbrook, E.G. Stansbery, W.R. Sheldon and J.L. Roeder, J. Geophys. Res., 85, 5079-5095 (1980).

17. X-ray measurements during project ARAKS, J.L. Roeder, W.R. Sheldon, J.R. Benbrook, E.A. Bering and H. Leverenz, Annales de Géophysique, 36, 401-409 (1980).

18. Simultaneous rocket and radar measurements of currents in an auroral arc, R.M. Robinson, R.R. Vondrak, H.R. Anderson, P. Cloutier and E.A. Bering, J. Geophys. Res., 86, 7703-7717 (1981).

19. Evidence for beam stimulated precipitation of high energy electrons, E.A. Bering, J.R. Benbrook, J.L. Roeder and W.R. Sheldon, in Artificial Particle Beams in Space Plasma Studies, edited by B. Grandal, pp 147-157, Plenum Press, New York, N.Y., (1981).

20. An upper limit on the aperture separation of ion drift meters, E.A. Bering, U.V. Fahleson, and K.G. Weber, Astrophysics and Space Science, 83, 37-49 (1982).

21. Quiet-time electron precipitation at L=4 in the South Atlantic Anomaly, J.R. Benbrook, E.A. Bering, H. Leverenz, J.L. Roeder and W.R. Sheldon, J. Geophys. Res., 88, 189-200 (1983).

22. A sounding rocket observation of an apparent wake generated parallel electric field, E.A. Bering, J. Geophys. Res., 88, 961-979 (1983).

23. Apparent electrostatic ion cyclotron waves in the diffuse aurora, E.A. Bering, Geophys. Res. Lett., 10, 647-650 (1983).

24. The plasma wave environment of an auroral arc, 1., Electrostatic ion cyclotron waves in the diffuse aurora, E.A. Bering, J. Geophys. Res., 89, 1635-1649 (1984).

25. The plasma wave environment of an auroral arc, 2, ULF waves on an auroral arc boundary, C. Gelpi and E.A.Bering, J. Geophys. Res., 89, 10847-10851 (1984).

26. Waterhole auroral arc modification experiments: electrodynamic response, B.A. Whalen, A.W. Yau, F. Creutzberg, D.D. Wallis, A.G. McNamara, F.R. Harris, M.B. Pongratz, P.M. Kintner, J. Labelle, W.R. Sheldon, J.R. Benbrook, E.A. Bering, P.A. Forsyth, and R A. Kochler, J. Geophys. Res., 90, 8387-8396 (1985).

27. X-ray microbursts and VLF chorus, J.L. Roeder, J.R. Benbrook, E.A. Bering, and W.R. Sheldon, J. Geophys. Res., 90, 10975-10982 (1985).

28. The plasma wave environment of an auroral arc, 3. VLF hiss, E.A. Bering, J.E. Maggs, and H.R. Anderson, J. Geophys. Res., 92, 7581-7605 (1987).

29. The 1985-86 South Pole Balloon Campaign, E.A. Bering, J.R. Benbrook, J.M. Howard, D.M. Oró, E.G. Stansbery, J.R. Theall, D.L. Matthews and T.J. Rosenberg, Proceedings of the Nagata Symposium on Geomagnetically Conjugate Studies and the Workshop on Antarctic Middle and Upper Atmosphere Physics Which Were Held at SCAR XIX, Memoirs of the National Institute of Polar Research, Japan, Special Issue No. 48, 313-317 (1987).

30. Electron precipitation near L=4 : Longitudinal variation,W.R. Sheldon, J.R. Benbrook, E.A. Bering, H. Leverenz, J.L. Roeder, and E.G. Stansbery, Adv. Space Res., 7(8), 49-52 (1987).

31. Conjugate ionospheric electric field measurements, E.A. Bering and J.R. Benbrook, Annales Geophysicæ, (Series A), 5A, 485-502 (1987).

32. Observations of the stratospheric conductivity and its variation at three latitudes, G.J. Byrne, J.R. Benbrook, E.A. Bering, D.M. Oró, C.O. Seubert and W.R. Sheldon, J. Geophys. Res., 93, 3879-3892 (1988).

33. Longitudinal differences in electron precipitation near L=4, E.A. Bering, J.R. Benbrook, H. Leverenz, J.L. Roeder, E.G. Stansbery, and W.R. Sheldon, J. Geophys. Res., 93, 11385-11404 (1988).

34. Rocket investigations of electron precipitation and VLF waves in the Antarctic upper atmosphere, W.R. Sheldon, J.R. Benbrook, and E.A. Bering, Revs. Geophys., 26, 519-534 (1988).

35. Dayside energetic electron precipitation over the South Pole (Λ = 75°), D.L. Matthews, T.J. Rosenberg, E.A. Bering, and J.R. Benbrook, J. Geophys. Res., 93, 12941-12945 (1988).

36. Comment on “Highly relativistic magnetospheric electrons: A role in coupling to the middle atmosphere?”, W.R. Sheldon, J.R. Benbrook, and E.A. Bering, Geophys. Res. Lett., 15, 1449-1450 (1988).

37. Impulsive electric and magnetic field perturbations observed over South Pole: Flux transfer events?, E.A. Bering, J.R. Benbrook, G.J. Byrne, B.Liao, J.R. Theall, L.J. Lanzerotti, C.G. Maclennan, A. Wolfe, and G.L. Siscoe, Geophys. Res. Lett., 15, 1545-1548 (1988).

38. Summertime stratospheric wind measurements above the South Pole, G.J. Byrne, J.R. Benbrook, E.A. Bering, B. Liao, and J.R. Theall, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 51, 51-60 (1989).

39. ELF and VLF waves in the polar clefts and caps, E.A. Bering, in Electrodynamic Coupling in the Polar Clefts and Caps, edited by A. Egeland and P. E. Sandholt, D. Reidel, Dordrecht, pp 211-229 (1989).

40. Balloon observations of the electric field over South Pole: Convection patterns, E.A. Bering, J.R. Benbrook, G.J. Byrne, D. Liang and Z.-M. Lin, in Electrodynamic Coupling in the Polar Clefts and Caps, edited by A. Egeland and P. E. Sandholt, D. Reidel, Dordrecht pp 137-150 (1989).

41. Particle radiation near the orbit of the vacuum wake shield, E.A. Bering, and A. Ignatiev, J. Spacecraft Rockets, 27, 38-42 (1990).

42. Observations of ionospheric flux ropes above South Pole, Z. M. Lin, J.R. Benbrook, E.A. Bering, G.J. Byrne, D. Liang, B. Liao, and J.R. Theall, in Physics of Magnetic Flux Ropes, AGU Geophysical Monograph 58, pp 581-590 (1990).

43. Solar radiation (190-230 nm) in the stratosphere: Implications for photoelectric emissions from instrumentation at balloon altitudes, G.J. Byrne, J.R. Benbrook, E.A. Bering, and D. M. Oró, J. Geophys. Res., 95, 5557-5566 (1990).

44. Solar wind properties observed during high-latitude impulsive perturbation events," E. A. Bering, L. J. Lanzerotti, J. R. Benbrook, Z.-M. Lin, C. G. Maclennan, A. Wolfe, R. E. Lopez, and E. Friis-Christensen, Geophys. Res. Lett., 17, 583-586 (1990).

45. The longitude dependence of whistler and chorus characteristics observed on the ground near L=4, A.J. Smith, D.L. Carpenter, Y.Corcuff, J.P.S. Rash, and E.A. Bering, J. Geophys. Res., 96, 275-284 (1991).

46. Balloon observations of stratospheric electricity above the South Pole: Vertical electric field, conductivity and conduction current, G.J. Byrne, J.R. Benbrook, and E.A. Bering, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 53, 859-868 (1991).

47. The intense magnetic storm of 19 December 1980: Observations at L=4, E.A. Bering, J.R. Benbrook, R. Haacke, J.R. Dudeney, L.J. Lanzerotti, C.G. Maclennan and T.J. Rosenberg, J. Geophys. Res., 96, 5597-5617 (1991).

48. Measurement of vertical atmospheric electric current at a network of sites in Antarctica including manned stations and automatic geophysical observatories (Project Description), E.A. Bering, J.R. Benbrook, G.J. Byrne, and A.A. Few, Publs. Inst. Geophys. Pol. Acad. Sc., \/ D-35(238), 119-135 (1991).

49. Ground based instrumentation for measurements of atmospheric conduction current and electric field at the South Pole, G.J. Byrne, J.R. Benbrook, E.A. Bering, A.A. Few, G.J. Morris, W.J. Trabucco, and E.W. Paschal, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 2611-2617 (1993).

50. Investigation of S3-2 satellite data for local time variation of energetic electron precipitation, S. Robbe, W.R. Sheldon, J.R. Benbrook, E.A. Bering, and A. L. Vampola, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 3845-3854 (1994).

51. Particle and field signatures during pseudobreakup and major expansion onset, R. Nakamura, D.N. Baker, T. Yamamoto, R.D. Belian, E. A. Bering, J.R. Benbrook and J. R. Theall, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 207-222 (1994).

52. Balloon observations of nightside Pc 5 quasi-electrostatic waves above the South Pole, B. Liao, J.R. Benbrook, E.A. Bering, G.J. Byrne, J.R. Theall, L.J. Lanzerotti, and C.G. Maclennan, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 3879-3892 (1994).

53. Experimental results of Polar Patrol Balloon project in Antarctica, M. Ejiri, H. Akiyama, R. Fujii, M. Hayashi, Y. Hirasima, A. Kadokura, H. Kanzawa, M. Kodama, H. Miyaoka, H. Murakami, M. Nakagawa, M. Namiki, J. Nishimura, S. Ohta, H. Suzuki, F. Tohyama, Y. Tonegawa, N. Yajima, T. Yamagami, H. Yamagishi, M.D. Yamanaka, and E.A. Bering, III, Proc. NIPR Symp. Upper Atmos Phys., 8, 60-64, (1995).

54. Balloon measurements above the South Pole: Study of ionospheric transmission of ULF waves, E.A. Bering, B. Liao, J. R. Benbrook, G.J. Byrne, J. R. Theall, L. J. Lanzerotti, and C. G. Maclennan, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 7807-7820, (1995).

55. Statistical studies of impulsive events at high latitudes, Z. M. Lin, J. R. Benbrook, E.A.Bering, III, B. Liao, L. J. Lanzerotti, C. G. Maclennan, A. Wolfe, and E. Friis-Christensen, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 7553-7566, (1995).

56. Intense 2.3 Hz electric field pulsations in the stratosphere at high auroral latitude, E.A. Bering, III, J.R. Benbrook, J. Geophys. Res. , 100, 7791-7806, (1995).

57. The global circuit: Passive load, proxy variable or active element?, E. A. Bering, III, Rev. Geophys., 33(Supplement), 845-862 (1995) (U.S. National Report to International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics 1991-1994).

58. A convection enhancement event observed with the Polar Patrol Balloon #4, Y. Ebihara, A. Kadokura, Y. Tonegawa, F. Tohyama, N. Sato, Y. Hirasima, M. Namiki, E.A. Bering, III, J. R. Benbrook, and M. Ejiri, Proc. NIPR Symp. Upper Atmos Phys., 9, 12-24, (1996).

59. The global circuit, E.A. Bering, III, A. A. Few and J. R. Benbrook, Physics Today, 51(10), 24-30, 1998.

60. Ionospheric electric fields from stratospheric balloon-borne probes, R.H. Holzworth and E.A. Bering, III, Geophysical Monograph Series : Measurement Techniques for Space Plasmas, edited by R. Pfaff, J. Borovsky, and D. Young, American Geophysical Union, Washington, DC (1998), pp 79-84.

61. Simultaneous electric and magnetic field observations of Pc 1-2, and Pc 3 pulsations, E. A. Bering, III, J. R. Benbrook, M. J. Engebretson, and R. L. Arnoldy Jr., J. Geophys. Res., 103, 6741-6761, 1998.

62. The geoelectric field - a link between the troposphere and the ionosphere, G. B. Burns, A. V. Frank-Kamenetsky, O. A. Troshichev, E. A. Bering III, and V. O. Papitashvili, Ann. Glac.,103, 6741-6761, 1998.

63. On the hourly contribution of global lightning to the atmospheric electric field, M. Füllekrug, A. C. Fraser-Smith, E. A. Bering, III and A. A. Few, J. Atmos. Solar Terr. Phys., 61, 745-750, 1999.

64. The global electric circuit, E. A. Bering, III, A. A. Few, and J. R. Benbrook, Parity, 4, 33-41, 1999.

65. The geoelectric field at Vostok, Antarctica: it's relation to the Interplanetary Magnetic Field and the polar cap potential, A. V. Frank-Kamenetsky, G. B. Burns, O. A. Troshichev, V. O. Papitashvili, E. A. Bering, III and W. J. R. French, J. Atmos. Solar Terr. Phys., 61, 1347-1356, 1999.

66. The hundred year hunt for the red sprite, W. A. Lyons, R.A. Armstrong, E. A. Bering, III, and E. R. Williams, EOS, Trans. AGU., 81(33), 373-377, 2000.

67. Sprite and elve electrodynamics, E. A. Bering, III, J. R. Benbrook, J. A. Garrett, A. Paredes, E. M. Wescott, D. R. Moudry, D. D. Sentman, H. C. Stenbaek-Nielsen, W. A. Lyons, Adv. Space Res., 30, 2585-2595, 2002.

68. The electrodynamics of sprites, E. A. Bering, III, J. R. Benbrook, J. A. Garrett, A. Paredes, E. M. Wescott, D. R. Moudry, D. D. Sentman, H. C. Stenbaek-Nielsen, W. A. Lyons, Geophys. Res. Lett., 29, 10.1029/2001GL013267, 2002.

69. Polar Patrol Balloon experiment in Antarctica during 2002-2003, A. Kadokura, H. Yamagishi, N. Sato, M. Ejiri, H. Hirosawa, T. Yamagami, S. Torii, F. Tohyama, M. Nakagawa, T. Okada, and E. A. Bering, Adv. Polar Upper Atmos. Res., 16, 157-172, 2002.

70. The geoelectric field at Vostok, Antarctica, R. C. Corney, G.B. Burns, K. Michael, A. V. Frank-Kamenetsky, O.A. Troishichev, E.A. Bering, V.O. Papitashvili, and A. Breed, J. Atmos. Solar Terr. Phys., 65, 345-354, 2003.

71. Multi-station studies of the simultaneous occurrence rate of Pc 3 micropulsations and magnetic impulsive events, D. W. Shields, E. A. Bering, III, A. Alaniz, S. E. M. Mason, W. Guo, R. L. Arnoldy Jr., M. J. Engebretson, W. J. Hughes, D. L. Murr, L. J. Lanzerotti, and C. G. Maclennan, J. Geophys. Res., 108(A6), 1225 (12 pages), doi:10.1029/2002JA009397, 2003.

72. Progress in Experimental Research of the VASIMR® Engine, J. P. Squire, F. R. Chang Díaz, T. W. Glover, V. T. Jacobson, D. G. Chavers, R. D. Bengtson, E. A. Bering III, R. W. Boswell, R. H. Goulding, M. Light, Proceedings of Open Systems, July 1-5, 2002, Jeju Island, Korea, 2002, Transactions of Fusion Technology, 43, 111-117, 2003. (Invited)

73. Long term changes in the electrical conductivity of the stratosphere, E. A. Bering, III, J. R. Benbrook, R. H. Holzworth, G. J. Byrne, and S. P. Gupta, Adv. Space Res., 32, 1725-1735, 2003.

74. Calibrating and deriving physical parameters using plasma contactor data from the international space station, E. A. Bering, III, S. Koontz, D. Evans, I. Katz, B. Gardner, R. M. Suggs, J.I. Minow, P.. Dalton, D.C. Ferguson, G.B. Hillard, J.L.Counts, H. Barsamian, J. Kern, R. Mikatarian, Adv. Space Res., 32, 2343-2348, 2003.

75. Observations of transient luminous events (TLEs) associated with negative cloud to ground (-CG) lightning strokes E. A. Bering, III, J. R. Benbrook, L. Bhusal, J. A. Garrett, A. M. Paredes, E. M. Wescott, D. R. Moudry, D. D. Sentman, H. C. Stenbaek-Nielsen, W. A. Lyons, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31(5), L05104, doi10.1029/2003GL018659, 03 March 2004.

76. Statistics and properties of TLE’s found in 1999 sprites balloon campaign, L.Bhusal, E.A.Bering, III, J.R.Benbrook, J.A.Garrett, A.M. Paredes, E.M.Wescott, D.R.Moudry, D.D.Sentman, H.C.Stenbaek-Nielsen, W.A.Lyons, Adv. Space Res., 34, 1811-1814, 2004.

77. The results from the 1999 sprites balloon campaign, E. A. Bering, III, L. Bhusal, J. R. Benbrook, J. A. Garrett, A. P. Jackson, E. M. Wescott, D. R. Moudry, D. D. Sentman, H. C. Stenbaek-Nielsen, and W. A. Lyons, Adv. Space Res., 34, 1782-1791, 2004.

78. Seasonal variations of atmospheric electricity measured at Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station, B. N. Reddell, J. R. Benbrook, E. A. Bering III, E. N. Cleary, and A. A. Few, J. Geophys. Res., 109, A09308(17 pages), doi:10.1029/2004JA010536, 2004.

79. The uses of RF waves in space propulsion systems, E. A. Bering, III, F.R. Chang-Díaz, J. P. Squire, Radio Science Bulletin, 310, 92-106, 2004. (Invited)

80. Inter-annual consistency of seasonal differences in diurnal variations of the geoelectric field, G. B. Burns, A. V. Frank-Kamenetsky, O. V. Troshichev, E. A. Bering, and B. D. Reddell, J. Geophys. Res., 110, D10106(14 pages), doi:10.1029/2004JD005469, 2005.

81. Latitude gradients in the natural variance in stratospheric conductivity - implications for studies of long term changes, E. A. Bering, III, J. R. Benbrook, R. H. Holzworth, G. J. Byrne, and S. P. Gupta, Adv. Space Res., 35, 1385-1397, 2005.

82. Balloon observations of temporal and spatial fluctuations in stratospheric conductivity, E. A. Bering, III, R. H. Holzworth, B. D. Reddell, M. F. Kokorowski, A. Kadokura, H. Yamagishi, N. Sato, M. Ejiri, H. Hirosawa, T. Yamagami, S. Torii, F. Tohyama, M. Nakagawa, and T. Okada, Adv. Space Res., 35, 1434-1449, 2005.

83. Balloon observations of temporal variation in the global circuit compared to global lightning activity, R. H. Holzworth, E. A. Bering III, M. F. Kokorowski, E. H. Lay, B. D. Reddell, A. Kadokura, H. Yamagishi, N. Sato, M. Ejiri, H. Hirosawa, T. Yamagami, S. Torii, F. Tohyama, M. Nakagawa, T. Okada, and R. L. Dowden, Adv. Space Res., 36, 2223-2228, 2005.

84. Acceleration of Dense Flowing Plasmas using ICRF Power in the VASIMR® Experiment, J.P. Squire, and the VASIMR® Team, 16th Topical Conference on Radio Frequency Power in Plasmas, edited by S.J. Wukitch and P.T. Bonoli, Park City, UT, AIP Press, Volume 787, pg 421, 2005.

85. Antarctic polar plateau vertical electric field variations across heliocentric current sheet crossings, G.B. Burns, B.A. Tinsley, A.R. Klekociuk, O.A. Troshichev, A.V. Frank-Kamenetsky, M.L. Duldig, E.A. Bering, and J.M. Clem, J. Atmos. Solar Terr. Phys., 68, 639-654, doi: 10.1016/j.jastp.2005.10.008, 2006.

86. Rapid fluctuations of stratospheric electric field following a solar energetic particle event, M. Kokorowski, J. G. Sample, R. H. Holzworth, E. A. Bering, S. D. Bale, J. B. Blake, A. B. Collier, A. R. W. Hughes, E. Lay, R. P. Lin, M. P. McCarthy, R. M. Millan, H. Moraal, T. P. O'Brien, G. K. Parks, M. Pulupa, B. D. Reddell, D. M. Smith, P. H. Stoker, and L. Woodger, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L20105, 2006.

87. Interplanetary magnetic field and atmospheric electric circuit influences on ground level pressure at Vostok, G.B. Burns, B.A. Tinsley, A.V. Frank-Kamenetsky and E.A. Bering, J.Geophys. Res., 112, D04103, doi:10.1029/2006JD007246, 2007.

88. Electromagnetic ion cyclotron resonance heating in the VASIMR, E. A. Bering, F. R. Chang-Díaz, J. P. Squire, M. Brukardt, T. W. Glover, R. D. Bengtson, V. T. Jacobson, G. E. McCaskill, and L. Cassady, Adv. Space Res., 42, 192-205, doi:10.1016/j.asr.2007.09.034, 2008.

89. The American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics pre-college outreach program, E. A. Bering, III, L. Bacon, K. K. Copper, L. J. Hansen, and M. J. Sanchez, Adv. Space Res., 42, 1869-1878, doi:10.1016/j.asr.2007.11.009, 2008.

90. Magnetospheric electric field variations caused by storm-time shock fronts, M. Kokorowski, E. A. Bering, III, M. Ruohoniemi, J. G. Sample, R. H. Holzworth, S. D. Bale, J. B. Blake, A. B. Collier, A. R. Hughes, E. Lay, R. P. Lin, M. P. McCarthy, R. M. Millan, H. Morall, T. P. O'Brien, G. K. Parks, M. Pulupa, B. D. Reddell, D. M. Smith, P. H. Stoker, and L. Woodger, Adv. Space Res., 42, 181-191, doi:1016/j.asr.2008.03.006, 2008.

91. Variations in cloud cover and the fair weather vertical electric field, D. R. Kniveton, B. A. Tinsley, G. B. Burns, E. A. Bering, and O. A. Troshichev, J. Atmos. Solar Terr. Phys., 70, 1633-1642, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2008.07.001, 2008.

92. Simultaneous observations of Pc 1 micropulsation activity and stratospheric electrodynamic perturbations on 27 January 2003, E. Bering, M. Engebretson, R. Holzworth, A. Kadokura, M. Kokorowski, B. Reddell, J. Posch, and H. Yamagishi, Adv. Space Res., 43, 802-818, doi: 10.1016/j.asr.2008.06.011, 2009.

93. Validating a plasma momentum flux sensor with a Hall thruster mounted on an inverted pendulum thrust stand, B. W. Longmier, A. D. Gallimore, F. R. Chang Díaz, J. P. Squire, T. W. Glover, D. G. Chavers, E. A. Bering III, and B. M. Reid, J. Prop. Power, 25, 746-752, doi: 10.2514/1.35706, 2009.

94. Observations of single-pass ion cyclotron heating in a transsonic flowing plasma, E. A. Bering, III, F. R. Chang Díaz, J. P. Squire, T. W. Glover, M. D. Carter, G. E. McCaskill, B. W. Longmier, M. S. Brukardt, W. J. Chancery, and V. T. Jacobson, Phys. Plasmas, 17, 043509, doi: 10.1063/1.3389205, 2010 (19 pages).

95. Ambipolar ion acceleration in an expanding magnetic nozzle , B. W. Longmier, , E. A. Bering, III, M. D. Carter, L. D. Cassady, W. J. Chancery, F. R. Chang Díaz, T. W. Glover, N. Hershkowitz, A. V. Ilin, G. E. McKaskill, C. S. Olsen and J. P. Squire, Plasma Sources Sci. Technol., 20, 015007, doi: 10.1088/0963-0252/20/1/015007, 2011 (9 pages).

VX-200 magnetoplasma thruster performance results exceeding 50% thruster efficiency, B. W. Longmier, L. D. Cassady, M. G. Ballenger, M. D. Carter, F. R. Chang Díaz, T. W. Glover, A. V. Ilin, G. E. McKaskill, C. S. Olsen, and E. A. Bering, III, J. Prop. Power, 27, No. 4, doi:10.2514/1.B34085, 2011.

97.       Atmosphere-ionosphere conductivity enhancements during a hard solar energetic particle event, M. Kokorowski, A. Seppälä, J. G. Sample, R. H. Holzworth, M. P. McCarthy, E. A. Bering, E. Turunen, J. Geophys. Res., 117, A05319, doi:10.1029/2011JA017363,2012

98.        Improved Efficiency and Throttling Range of the VX-200 Magnetoplasma Thruster, B. W. Longmier, J. P. Squire, C. S. Olsen, L. D. Cassady, M. G. Ballenger, M. D. Carter, A. V. Ilin, T. W. Glover, G. E. McCaskill, F. R. Chang Díaz, and E. A. Bering, III, J. Prop. Power, 29, 2013. (in press)

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